Cooperatives in Japan (Article Series): Part 2/4 — Cooperative Advantages

Socio-ecological integration enhances not only the long-term sustainability of businesses but also supports environmentally conscious consumption. [1]

Acting as a rural development agency, the government makes loans to the farmers at a low interest rate through the cooperatives, which is called a ‘system loan’ [2, p. 512].

Cooperatives continued to extend their successful operations even 30 years in business in highly competitive service industries through times of stagnation in Japan’s national economy [5].

How to build the necessary new extensive welfare services while keeping corporations unaccountable and taxations low?

Market power and asymmetric information appear less influential in the formation of food processing cooperatives [8].

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